If you are a whole-blood donor, you know that blood transfusions save lives. But do you how important platelet transfusions are? Do you know about apheresis (a-fur-ee-sis)? Take this platelet I.Q. quiz! Be sure to check the answers and explanations to see how well you do.
1. When you donate a unit of blood, it is usually split into several parts — red blood cells, platelets, plasma — to be given to different patients.
2. Platelets make up the part of your blood that carries oxygen.
3. Apheresis is the method used to collect only one part of blood from a donor.
4. One platelet donation by apheresis can yield up to six times the amount of platelets found in one whole-blood donation.
5. You cannot get AIDS or any other disease from donating platelets.
6. Platelet transfusions are life-saving therapy for patients undergoing bone-marrow transplants, chemotherapy treatment for cancer, and open heart surgery.
7. Donated platelets can be used years later.
8. Platelet donors must wait six months before donating again.
9. Donating platelets takes longer than donating whole blood.
10. A bone-marrow transplant patient may need up to 200 platelet transfusions.