Are you heart-smart? See what you know about cholesterol and blood pressure readings, diet, exercise, and even alcohol.
1. The risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are: high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, smoking, obesity, diabetes and physical inactivity.
2. A stroke is often the first symptom of high blood pressure, and a heart attack is often the symptom of high blood cholesterol.
3. A blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mm Hg is generally considered to be high.
4. High blood pressure effects the same number of blacks as it does whites.
5. The best ways to treat and control high blood pressure are to control your weight, exercise, eat less salt (sodium), eat more fruits and vegetables, restrict your intake of alcohol, and take your blood-pressure medicine, if prescribed by your doctor.
6. A blood cholesterol of 240 mg/dL is desirable for adults.
7. The most effective dietary way to lower the level of your blood cholesterol is to eat foods low in cholesterol.
8. Lowering blood cholesterol levels can help people who have already had a heart attack.
9. Children may need to have their blood cholesterol levels checked as early as age 2.
10. Smoking is a major risk factor for four of the five leading causes of death including heart attack, stroke, cancer, and lung diseases such as emphysema and bronchitis.
11. If you have had a heart attack, quitting smoking can help to reduce your chances of having a second attack
12. Someone who has smoked for 30 to 40 years probably will not be able to quit smoking.
13. The best way to lose weight is to increase physical activity and eat fewer calories.
14. Heart disease is the leading killer of men and women in the United States