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Today In Health History Headlines

Anyone who has taken a science class is familiar with the work of John Dalton. The British chemist and physicist developed the theory that all elements are composed of atoms that are identical in size and weight.

On this day in 1948, an asphyxiating cloud of smog enveloped Donora, Pa., a Monongahela River town of 14,000 people and the location of the Donora Zinc Works and the American Steel and Wire Co.

On this date in 1988, Chinese scientists announced that they had discovered an herbal male contraceptive.

Jonas Salk, born on this date in 1914, is renowned for creating the first successful polio vaccine. In 1963, the March of Dimes helped subsidize the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, Calif.

William Harvey was the first to prove that blood continuously circulates throughout the body in a contained system. But Harvey had many predecessors, including Andrea Cesalpino, who first used the term "circulatio" to describe the movement of blood.

On this date in 1632, Anton van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft, The Netherlands. Van Leeuwenhoek became one of the most famous microscope experts of all time.

For 20 years, the husband and wife biochemistry research team of Carl and Gerty Cori studied how sugar in the body is converted to glycogen.

Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen, who was born in Michigan, worked as a dentist in London, even though he trained in America as an otolaryngologist.

Philippe Ricord was said to be a practical joker, but his 19th century studies of sexual diseases were no laughing matter. The French physician disproved a theory held for half a century that syphilis and gonorrhea shared a common origin.

Thomas Linacre, born around 1460, went to Catholic schools before spending 10 years in Italy studying medicine under a famous doctor of the time (Nicholas Leonicenus). When he returned home, he soon became the royal physician to Henry VIII.

For anyone who suffered the mumps as a child, today is a day to think about Ernest William Goodpasture, M.D.

On this date in 1916, Margaret Sanger, a public health nurse, opened the first birth control clinic in the United States in Brooklyn, N.Y.

On this date in 1923, Paul Drucker, a Danish pediatrician, invented the heel stick, one of the most common ways to withdraw blood from an infant.

Charles Everett Koop, M.D.

When Carroll Leevy was an intern and resident at the Jersey City Medical Center, he became interested in researching alcoholic liver disease because of the huge number of cases he treated.

French physician Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738-1814) lent his name to a beheading device, the guillotine, used extensively during the French Revolution. Although he is largely credited with inventing the device, he actually did not.

Sir Cyril Ludowic Burt was revered during his lifetime, but his work was questioned after his death, which occurred on this date in 1971.

Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883-1970) was born on this date in 1883, in Freiburg, Germany. A cell biologist and biochemist, he won the 1931 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his pioneering work in human cell respiration.

When Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.

A preliminary meeting to discuss the formation of a professional pharmaceutical organization was held in October 1851 at the New York College of Pharmacy. Just a year later, on Oct.

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