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Harvard Medical School
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Chrome 2001
Chrome 2001

Carbohydrate Confusion
In the rush to capitalize on the low-carb craze, food manufacturers are using terms that can make food labels even more difficult to understand. Here's the lowdown on carbohydrates and their labeling.
Special Harvard Commentary: The Potential of Stem Cells
The controversy over stem cell research has become a front page story. Find out what the contention is all about.

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Learn The Basics
What Is Type 1 Diabetes?
In type 1 diabetes, the insulin-making cells of the pancreas are destroyed.
Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Only a small minority of people with diabetes have type 1. Though both type 1 and type 2 diabetes result in high blood sugar, their causes are quite different.
Symptoms
Intense thirst, frequent urination and weight loss are some of the symptoms of diabetes.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
It's not clear what causes some people to develop type 1 diabetes, but both genetics and environment seem to be involved.

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Assess Your Health
Tests for Type 1 Diabetes
Several different tests can be used to determine if your blood-sugar level is high enough to diagnose type 1 diabetes.
Who Should Be Tested?
A test for diabetes may be warranted if you have certain symptoms, or a high risk of developing the disease.

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Take Action Now
Types of Treatment
Insulin injections, a healthy diet and physical activity can help to keep your blood sugar levels in balance.
Using Insulin
In people with type 1 diabetes, the body does not make its own insulin, so injections are required.
Healthy Eating
Eating regular, balanced meals can help people with diabetes avoid problems now and stay healthier for a lifetime.
Staying Active
Physical activity can lower blood sugar, but people with type 1 diabetes need to exercise caution to avoid problems.
The Role of Diet and Exercise
Food and exercise both are key elements in controlling blood sugar and promoting good health.

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Keep On Track
Long-Term Complications
High blood sugar can damage many parts of the body over time.
Managing a Child's Diabetes
Children will need help from their parents to manage their diabetes. They can take over responsibility gradually as they get older.
Preventing Complications
Careful management of diabetes can help to prevent, minimize or postpone related health problems.
Dangers of High and Low Blood Sugar
Illness, insulin, food and exercise all can affect blood sugar. When these elements get out of balance, sugar can spike or plunge. A little preparation can help you to prevent some incidents, or handle them if they occur.
Monitoring Blood Sugar and Ketones
People with diabetes need to monitor blood sugar carefully to make sure it is keeping close to normal ranges. If sugar levels get too high, the body may be burning fat for fuel. This releases ketones, which can be dangerous.
Resources
Here's how to find more information and support to help you live with type 1 diabetes.

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