Specialists: What They Do

Chrome 2001
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Aetna Intelihealth InteliHealth Aetna Intelihealth Aetna Intelihealth
 
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Harvard Medical School
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Chrome 2001
Chrome 2001
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Specialists: What They Do

Specialty Definitions

 
Adolescent medicine A specialty devoted to the health concerns of adolescents
Allergy & immunology A specialty that focuses on the evaluation and treatment of allergic symptoms and other disorders of the immune system
Anxiety and stress management counseling Therapy that seeks to address and relieve stress and anxiety
Behavioral health specialist A professional, often a licensed social worker, trained in the mind-body connection, mental health problems and substance abuse
Cardiologist A doctor who diagnoses and treats heart problems
Cardiovascular surgeon A specialist who operates on the heart and blood vessels
Cardiothoracic surgery A specialty devoted to the surgical treatment of conditions of the heart and lungs
Chiropractor A health professional who treats the spine through the manual adjustment of the vertebrae
Colon and rectal surgeon A surgeon who specializes in treating diseases of the digestive tract, colon and rectum
Dentist A health professional who diagnoses and treats diseases of the teeth and mouth
Dermatologist A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin problems
Emergency medicine specialist A doctor who has completed a medical residency in Emergency Medicine with expertise in quick diagnosis and treatment of conditions that may be life threatening
Endocrinologist A doctor who specializes in treating endocrine gland problems, such as diabetes and disorders of the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands
Family practitioner A doctor who has completed a medical residency in Family Medicine and diagnoses and treats general medical concerns of children, adolescents and adults
Gastroenterologist A doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines), liver and pancreas
General practitioner A doctor who diagnoses and treats general medical concerns of children, adolescents and adults and has completed the one-year required internship
General surgeon A surgeon trained in a variety of surgical procedures, who performs most of the abdominal surgeries
Geriatrician A doctor, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant that specializes in the care of seniors
Gynecologist A doctor who specializes in treating conditions that affect a woman's reproductive organs
Hand surgeon A doctor who has special training in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of conditions that affect the hand and wrist
Hematologist A doctor who evaluates and treats diseases of the blood, such as anemia, sickle cell disease, hemophilia and leukemia
Infectious disease specialist A health professional who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases
Internal medicine A specialty devoted to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases in adults
Interventional cardiologist A cardiologist who focuses on heart procedures, such as catheterization and angioplasty
Medical geneticist A health professional who is trained in the inheritance patterns of genetic diseases and provides guidance, risk assessment and diagnostic information to patients and parents
Midwife A person who helps pregnant women achieve the safe birth of healthy babies. Training, education and licensing vary by state
Nephrologist A doctor devoted to the illnesses of the kidney
Neurological surgeon (neurosurgeon) A surgeon trained in conditions of the brain, spinal cord and nerves that usually require some type of surgical procedure
Neurologist A doctor who diagnoses and treats illnesses of the brain, spinal cord and nerves
Nuclear medicine specialist A health professional who uses radioactive materials to help make a diagnosis and/or treat certain diseases, such as an overactive thyroid
Nurse practitioner A registered nurse with advanced education and training in health promotion and disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment
Obstetrician A doctor trained in the comprehensive care of pregnant women
Obstetrics/gynecology A specialty devoted to female reproductive health, including pregnancy
Oncologist A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer
Ophthalmologist A doctor who specializes in the medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders and diseases
Optometrist A health professional trained to provide screening for visual problems and to take corrective actions such as prescribing glasses and contact lenses
Orthopedics A specialty focused on the diagnosis, treatment and surgical management of bones and joints and the muscles that support them
Orthopedic surgeon A surgeon trained to diagnose and treat problems of the bones and joints and the muscles that support them, often using surgical procedures in the process
Osteopathic medicine Osteopathic medicine in the United States combines conventional medical practices with osteopathic manipulation, physical therapy and education about healthful posture and body positioning. Doctors of osteopathic medicine (D.O.s) receive similar training as medical doctors (M.D.s), with additional training in osteopathic and holistic medicine.
Otolaryngologist/ENT A surgeon specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, and throat disorders with special training in surgery related to these structures
Pediatrician A doctor specializing in the health of children from birth to young adulthood and in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases in children
Physical medicine/physiatrist A specialty/specialist focused on restoring the functional abilities of people after illness or injury, such as stroke, spinal cord injuries, heart surgery, amputation, joint replacement, sports injuries or spinal disorders
Physician assistant A health professional licensed to practice medicine, usually under a doctor's supervision
Plastic surgeon A surgeon who deals with the repair or reconstruction of visible physical defects
Podiatrist A health professional who treats conditions and diseases of the feet
Preventive medicine specialist A health professional devoted to promoting health and preventing disease
Psychiatrist A doctor trained in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders, including the prescribing of medications
Psychologist A mental health professional with advanced training in counseling and behavioral therapies
Pulmonologist A doctor who specializes in diseases and conditions of the lungs and respiratory system
Rheumatologist A doctor who focuses on joint conditions, especially arthritis, and diseases of inflammation
Sports medicine specialist A specialty aimed at maintaining fitness and prevention of injury in competitive and recreational athletes
Surgeon (general) A doctor trained to diagnose illnesses that may require surgery and to perform the necessary surgical procedures
Thoracic surgeon A surgeon who specializes in injury and diseases within the chest area, including the heart and lungs
Urologist A surgeon specializing in the diagnoses and treatment of diseases and conditions of the bladder, kidneys and prostate
Vascular surgeon A doctor who specializes in the surgical management of disorders of the blood vessels
Last updated June 23, 2014


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