Medicine Charts for Diabetes

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Medicine Charts for Diabetes

Diabetes Type 2
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Medicine Charts for Diabetes
Medicine Charts for Diabetes
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For most people with diabetes, medicine plays an essential role in controlling the disease. Our medicine charts list specific medicines used to treat diabetes.
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InteliHealth
2010-07-22
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InteliHealth Medical Content
2012-07-22

Reviewed by the Faculty of Harvard Medical School

Medicine Charts for Diabetes

 

Index of Medicines for Diabetes

Biguanides

Generic name
Brand name
metformin
Glucophage
Glucophage XR
Glycon

Thiazolidinediones

Generic name
Brand name
pioglitazone
Actos
rosiglitazone
Avandia

Long-acting pancreas stimulators (sulfonylureas)

Generic name
Brand name
acetohexamide
Dymelor
chlorpropamide
Diabinese
gliclazide
Diamicron, Diamicron MR
glimepiride
Amaryl
glipizide
Glucotrol
Glucotrol XL
glyburide
Micronase
DiaBeta
Glynase PresTab
Euglucon
tolazamide
Tolinase
tolbutamide
Orinase
Tol-Tab

Short-acting pancreas stimulators (meglitinides, taken with each meal)

Generic name
Brand name
nateglinide
Starlix
repaglinide
Prandin
Gluconorm

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

Generic name
Brand name
acarbose
Precose
Prandase
miglitol
Glyset

GLP-1 agents

Generic name
Brand name
exentatide
Byetta
sitagliptin
Januvia

Amylin replacement

Generic name
Brand name
pramlintide
Symlin

Combination pills

Generic name
Brand name
metformin plus glyburide
Glucovance
glipizide plus metformin
Metaglip
rosiglitazone plus metformin
Avandamet
pioglitazone plus metformin
Actoplus Met
rosiglitazone plus glimepiride
Avandaryl
pioglitazone plus glimepiride
Duetact
sitagliptin plus metformin
Janumet

Insulin Preparations for Diabetes

Rapid-acting insulins

Generic name
Brand name
Onset of effect (hours)
Peak effect (hours)
Duration of effect (hours)
aspart
Novolog
¼
¾
3 to 5
glulisine
Apidra
0 to ¼
¾ to 2
2 to 4
lispro
Humalog
0 to ¼
½ to 1½
6 to 8
regular insulin
Humulin R
Novolin R
Regular Iletin I
Regular Iletin II
Regular Iletin II (Concentrated)
Regular Purified Pork Insulin
Velosulin Human BR
½ to 1
2 to 4
6 to 8

Intermediate-acting insulins

Generic name
Brand name
Onset of effect (hours)
Peak effect (hours)
Duration of effect (hours)
NPH ("isophane") insulin
Humulin N
Novolin N
NPH Iletin I
NPH Iletin II
NPH-N
1 to 1½
4 to 12
24
lente insulin
Humulin L
Lente Iletin I
Lente Iletin II
Lente L
Novolin L
1 to 2½
7 to 15
24

Long-acting insulins

Generic name
Brand name
Onset of effect (hours)
Peak effect (hours)
Duration of effect (hours)
ultralente
Humulin U Ultralente
4 to 8
10 to 30
More than 36
detemir
Levemir
Continuous, steady level once you are on a stable daily dose
glargine
Lantus
Continuous, steady level once you are on a stable daily dose

Mixed insulins

Generic name
Brand name
Onset of effect (hours)
Peak effect (hours)
Duration of effect (hours)
50% NPH, 50% regular insulin
Humulin 50/50
½ to 1
4 to 8
18 to 24
70% NPH, 30% regular insulin
Humulin 70/30
Novolin 70/30
½ to 1
4 to 8
18 to 24

Emergency Treatment for Diabetes

Medicines that correct low blood sugar

Generic name
Brand name
glucose (dextrose)
Glutose
B-D Glucose
Insta-Glucose
Dex-4
glucagon
GlucaGen

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insulin,diabetes,metformin,humulin,glimepiride,pioglitazone,alpha-glucosidase,blood sugar,dose,emergency treatment,glipizide,glucophage,glucose,glyburide
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Last updated July 22, 2010


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