Kidney Dictionary K-O

Chrome 2001
Aetna Intelihealth InteliHealth Aetna Intelihealth Aetna Intelihealth
. .
Harvard Medical School
Chrome 2001
Chrome 2001

Kidney Dictionary K-O

Kidney Disease
Kidney Dictionary
Kidney Dictionary K-O
Kidney Dictionary K-O
Kidney Dictionary K-O
NIDDK - National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse



Kidney Diseases Dictionary Index

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   K   L
M   N   O   P   R   S   T   U   V   W  


kidneys (KID-neez):

The two bean-shaped organs that filter wastes from the blood. The kidneys are located near the middle of the back. They create urine, which is delivered to the bladder through tubes called ureters.

kidney stone:

A stone that develops from crystals that form in urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney, in the renal pelvis, or in the ureters.

Kt/V (kay-tee over vee):

A measurement of dialysis dose. The measurement takes into account the efficiency of the dialyzer, the treatment time, and the total volume of urea in the body. See also URR.


lithotripsy (LITH-oh-TRIP-see):

A method of breaking up kidney stones using shock waves or other means.

lupus (LOO-pus) nephritis (nef-RY-tis):

Inflammation of the kidneys caused by an autoimmune disease called systemic lupus erythematosus (eh-rih-theh-mah-TOH-sis). The condition can cause hematuria and proteinuria, and it may progress to end-stage renal disease.


membrane (MEM-brane):

A thin sheet or layer of tissue that lines a cavity or separates two parts of the body. A membrane can act as a filter, allowing some particles to pass from one part of the body to another while keeping others where they are. The membrane in a dialyzer filters waste products from the blood.


membranoproliferative (MEM-bray-no-pro-LIF-er-uh-tiv) glomerulonephritis (gloh-MEHR-yoo-loh-nef-RY-tis):

A disease that occurs primarily in children and young adults. Over time, inflammation leads to scarring in the glomeruli, causing proteinuria, hematuria, and sometimes chronic renal failure or end-stage renal disease.


nephrectomy (nef-REK-tuh-mee):

Surgical removal of a kidney.

nephrogenic (NEF-roh-JEN-ik) diabetes (DY-uh-BEE-teez) insipidus (in-SIP-ih-dus):

Constant thirst and frequent urination because the kidney tubules cannot respond to antidiuretic hormone. The result is an increase in urine formation and excessive urine flow.

nephrolithiasis (NEF-roh-lih-THY-uh-sis):

Kidney stones.

nephrologist (nef-RAHL-oh-jist):

A doctor who treats patients with kidney problems or hypertension.

nephron (NEF-rahn):

A tiny part of the kidneys. Each kidney is made up of about 1 million nephrons, which are the working units of the kidneys, removing wastes and extra fluids from the blood.

nephrotic (nef-RAH-tik) syndrome:

A collection of symptoms that indicate kidney damage. Symptoms include high levels of protein in the urine, lack of protein in the blood, and high blood cholesterol.

nuclear (NEW-klee-ur) scan:

A test of the structure, blood flow, and function of the kidneys. The doctor injects a mildly radioactive solution into an arm vein and uses x-rays to monitor its progress through the kidneys.


oxalate (AHK-suh-late):

A chemical that combines with calcium in urine to form the most common type of kidney stone (calcium oxalate stone).

Kidney Diseases Dictionary Index

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   K   L
M   N   O   P   R   S   T   U   V   W  



kidney,kidneys,urine,calcium,end-stage renal disease,hematuria,inflammation,kidney stone
Last updated November 01, 2004

    Print Printer-friendly format    
This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify.