HIV Infection In Minority Populations
HIV/AIDS has had a devastating impact on minorities in the United States. Racial and ethnic minorities accounted for almost 71 percent of the newly diagnosed cases of HIV infection in 2010. In 2010, 84 percent of children born with HIV infection belong to minority groups.
In the African American community, HIV infections has become an epidemic. African Americans accounted for 46% of all HIV infections cases diagnosed in 2010. African American men are 9.5 times more likely to die of AIDS than non-Hispanic White men. African American women are particularly struck by this disease, and are almost 20 times more likely to die from HIV/AIDS, as compared to non-Hispanic White women. AIDS is the third leading cause of death in African American women aged 35-44 and the third leading cause of death in African American men, aged 35-44, in 2009.
HIV/AIDS is spreading at a rapid rate in the Hispanic community. Hispanics accounted for 20 percent of AIDS cases in 2010, despite making up only 16 percent of the U.S. population. Hispanics are almost three times more likely to be diagnosed with AIDS than Whites. Hispanic males were also 2.5 times more likely to die of AIDS than their non-Hispanic White counterparts, and Hispanic women were 3.8 times more likely to die from AIDS.
Though the numbers are small, American Indians are also impacted disproportionately by HIV/AIDS. American Indians are 1.6 times as likely to have AIDS than Whites.
For Asians and Pacific Islanders, HIV/AIDS is the ninth leading cause of death in men aged 25 to 34. Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are 2.6 times as likely to be diagnosed with HIV infections as the White population.
- African American males have 7.6 times the AIDS rate as White males.
- African American women have almost 20 times the HIV rate as White women.
- American Indian/Alaska Native women have three times the AIDS rate as non-Hispanic white women.
- Hispanic females have 4 times the AIDS rate as non-Hispanic white females.
- Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islanders are 2.2 times as likely to be diagnosed with AIDS as the White population.