Blood-Pressure Medications Chart

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Blood-Pressure Medications Chart

High Blood Pressure
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Blood-Pressure Medications Chart
Blood-Pressure Medications Chart
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Because high-blood-pressure medication generally needs to be taken indefinitely, cost, convenience and tolerance are extremely important in deciding on the best treatment regimen for you.
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InteliHealth Medical Content
2014-02-22

Reviewed by the Faculty of Harvard Medical School

Blood-Pressure Medications Chart

Because high-blood-pressure medication generally needs to be taken indefinitely, cost, convenience and tolerance are extremely important in deciding on the best treatment regimen for you. Every medication works better when accompanied by lifestyle changes.

Blood-pressure medications are grouped into different categories, or classes, which work in different ways. For information on the different drug classes classes and the most commonly used drugs in each class, refer to the chart below.

Blood Pressure Medications

Type Of Drug

Examples

Generic name first, followed by brand name(s) in parentheses.

What These Drugs Do

Thiazide diuretics

chlorothiazide (Aldoclor, Diupres, Diuril)

chlorthalidone (Hygroton)

hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix, HydroDIURIL, Microzide)

indapamide (Lozol)

metolazone (Mykrox, Zaroxolyn)

Reduce the amount of blood fluid.

Cause the kidneys to increase the salt and water that are passed in the urine, thereby lowering the amount of blood fluid and, as a result, lowering the blood pressure.

Cause a loss of potassium from the body.

Loop diuretics

bumetanide (Bumex)

ethacrynic Acid (Edecrin)

furosemide (Lasix)

torsemide (Demadex)

Reduce the amount of blood fluid.

Cause the kidneys to increase the salt and water that are passed in the urine, thereby lowering the amount of blood fluid and, as a result, lowering the blood pressure.

Cause a loss of potassium from the body.

Potassium-sparing diuretics

amiloride (Midamor)

spironolactone (Aldactone)

triamterene (Dyrenium)

Reduce the amount of blood fluid.

Cause the kidneys to increase the salt and water that are passed in the urine, thereby lowering the amount of blood fluid and, as a result, lowering the blood pressure.

Do not cause a loss of potassium from the body.

Beta-blockers, cardioselective

acebutolol (Sectral)

atenolol (Tenormin)

betaxolol (Kerlone)

bisoprolol (Zebeta)

metoprolol succinate (Toprol-XL)

metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)

Reduce the work of the heart.

Block the stimulating effects of the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine on the heart, causing the heart to work less hard and pump less frequently.

Beta-blockers, nonselective

timolol (Blocadren)

nadolol (Corgard)

pindolol (Visken)

propranolol (Inderal)

Block the tightening effects of the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine on blood vessels throughout the body.

Block the stimulating effects of the same hormones on the heart, causing the heart to work less hard and pump less frequently.

Alpha-1 blockers

prazosin (Minipress)

terazosin (Hytrin)

doxazosin (Cardura)

Widen the small arteries.

Make the blood vessels less sensitive to the effects of norepinephrine, a hormone that narrows arteries.

Medications that act on the brain (centrally acting blood pressure medications)

clonidine (Catapres)

methyldopa (Aldomet)

guanabenz (Wytensin)

Widen the blood vessels.

Enhance the brain's ability to control whether the small arteries widen or narrow, using signals that it sends through nerves.

Both alpha- and beta-blockers

carvedilol (Coreg)

doxazosin (Cardura)

labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate)

Widen the small arteries and reduce the work of the heart.

Block the tightening effects of the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine on blood vessels throughout the body.

Block the stimulating effects of the same hormones on the heart, causing the heart to work less hard and pump less frequently.

Peripheral nerve agents

guanethidine (Ismelin)

reserpine (Serpasil)

Widen the small arteries by influencing nerve signals. (Normally, the brain can control whether the small arteries widen or narrow, using signals that it sends through nerves.)

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

benazepril (Lotensin)

captopril (Capoten)

enalapril (Vasotec)

fosinopril (Monopril)

lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

moexipril (Univasc)

perindopril (Aceon)

quinapril (Accupril)

ramipril (Altace)

trandolapril (Mavik)

Widen the small arteries and reduce the amount of blood fluid by blocking the production of the hormone angiotensin II.

Angiotensin II receptor blockers

candesartan (Atacand)

eprosartan (Teveten)

irbesartan (Avapro)

losartan (Cozaar)

telmisartan (Micardis)

valsartan (Diovan)

Widen the small arteries and reduce the amount of blood fluid by blocking the action of the hormone angiotensin II.

Blood vessel openers (direct vasodilators)

hydralazine (Apresoline)

minoxidil (Loniten)

Widen the small arteries through direct effects on the muscle in the wall of the small arteries.

Calcium channel blockers

amlodipine (Norvasc)

isradipine (DynaCirc)

nicardipine (Cardene)

nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia)

nimodipine (Nimotop)

nisoldipine (Sular)

felodipine (Plendil)

diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac)

verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, Verelan)

Widen the small arteries by blocking calcium entry into the muscle in the wall of the small arteries.

 

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arteries,fluid,heart,hydrochlorothiazide,hormones,blood pressure,blood vessels,beta-blockers,brain,diuretics,enalapril,hydralazine,kidneys,potassium,urine,alpha-,amlodipine,benazepril ,clonidine,diltiazem ,doxazosin ,drug,felodipine ,guanethidine
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Last updated June 02, 2014


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