On April 10, 1944, Dr. Robert Burns Woodward and Dr. William von Eggers Doering, at Harvard University, produced synthetic quinine. Quinine, isolated in 1820 by J.B. Caventou and P.J. Pelletier, is a white crystalline alkaloid derived from the bark of several species of trees. Until better drugs were developed, quinine was the primary treatment for malaria. It was also used to alleviate fever and pain and induce uterine contractions during labor.
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