Artificial Heart Pump
On this date in 1936 American aviator Charles A. Lindbergh and Alexis Carrel, M.D., presented an artificial heart pump they developed to the International Scientific Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was a sterile glass chamber through which fluid containing food and oxygen was pumped. A number of tissues and organs were kept alive by the pump, including tissue from a chicken's heart, which survived for 32 years. Carrel, a surgeon and experimental biologist, won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1912 for his work in suturing blood vessels, organ transplants, and transfusions.
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