The Jarvik-7 Heart
A man in Louisville, Ky., with chronic congestive heart failure became the third of five patients to receive the Jarvik-7 artificial heart. Dr. William DeVries, the only FDA-approved surgeon to conduct permanent heart transplants, performed the heart transplant on Murray Haydon on this date in 1985. Haydon survived for 488 days despite weeks of declining health and kidney problems, while another recipient lived with the Jarvik-7 for 620 days. In 1990, the FDA withdrew permission to implant the Jarvik heart but later decided to allow its use as a temporary heart to keep a patient alive while awaiting a transplant.
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