Anatomy Of A Cell
We know the anatomy of a cell today because of the many contributions of cell biologist Albert Claude. Claude, who was born in Belgium on Aug. 24, 1898, was the first scientist to use an electron microscope to observe cells. The electron microscope uses a stream of electrons controlled by magnetic fields to better magnify an object. Claude devised various ways to protect the cells from the electrons, which in turn allowed him to analyze a cell. As a result of his work, Claude was the first to isolate a cancer virus and to publish the first detailed description of cell anatomy. His contributions to the field of cell biology earned him a 1974 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, which he shared with two colleagues at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York.
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