Russell Morse Wilder contributed a great deal to understanding diabetes. In 1921, he organized a laboratory at the Mayo Clinic with physiologist Walter Boothby to study patients with diabetes. Their research contributed to the basis of Mayos standards for basal metabolic rates. These are tests that measure the amount of energy expended when a patient is at rest. In 1926, Wilder wrote on diabetes and metabolism and developed guidelines for diabetic diets. Working with Marschelle Power, he also proved that insulin was linked to diabetes. Wilder, who was born on this date in 1885, was the first director of the National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases. He also was the first to describe the symptoms of hypoglycemia, caused by an abnormally low level of sugar in the blood.
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